Activities of CCPZ
CCPZ is devoted to improving postgraduate programmes for surveillance of human-animal diseases in West Africa by promoting collaboration between Veterinary and Medical Schools and Services in the sub-region, facilitating community-entry for study and management of animal-to-human diseases (zoonoses) in West Africa. The centre offers training and research at postgraduate level founded on multidisciplinary expertise to build sub-regional capacity for human resource development in zoonoses containment. The centre's research laboratories focus on emerging, endemic and neglected animal-to-human diseases to provide interactive decision support systems for sub-regional control and prevention of zoonoses.
Zoonoses which are infections and infestations that are transmitted from animals to humans under natural conditions contributes an estimated 2.4 billion cases of human illness and 2.2 million deaths each year in low and middle income nations of the world, including West Africa. Some of these zoonoses are naturally resident (endemic) in West Africa, while others are being newly introduced (emerging). Little attention is paid to some of these zoonoses which have been classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as neglected diseases impacting negatively on human and animal health, national productivity, food security/safety and socio-economic well being of people in West Africa. There is need to foster active and strategic research agenda to drive mentoring and practice efforts through a combination of appropriate research and mentoring of optimal number of candidates in this field that is critical to build the capacity of West African countries for the challenge of preventing and containing endemic, emerging and neglected zoonoses.
The Centre for Control and Prevention of Zoonoses (CCPZ) in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine is set up to:
- Develop curricula for Masters Programmes in Zoonoses Studies and in Zoonoses Containment Promotion, mentor PhD students across West African countries in thematic areas of Zoonoses Control and Prevention, and offer short courses in Zoonoses Risk Management for target groups;
- Strengthen existing facilities for research and develop products such as diagnostic kits, biologics, internet based geo-database (zoonet) that will support zoonoses tracking and robust monitoring and evaluation of prevention and containment plans and projects, with related audio-visual training CDs;
- Develop some five zoonoses diagnostic kits and to improve at least a vaccine from our research findings that will promote indigenization of biotechnology in the prevention of zoonoses in West Africa;
- Establish epi-informatics laboratory, molecular biology research laboratory and audio-visual resource laboratory for zoonoses surveillance in the sub-region.
Justification: The programmes being developed are targeted to provide professionals such as veterinarians, physicians, epidemiologists, public health professionals, pharmacists, agricultural scientists, educators, economists, pathologists, parasitologists, microbiologists, sociologists, extension workers and artists to learn together in a collaborative way to promote human, animal and environment health in the sub-region of West Africa. The centre shall effectively and efficiently conduct research, deliver training programmes and manage this collaboration for a sustained network that positively impacts global health.
Envisaged Impact: The programme will succeed in building a significant number of highly trained professionals with the practical knowledge and networking structures required for sub-regional control and prevention of zoonoses. The overall impact will then be to improve research capacity, training and mentoring for West African personnel at the University of Ibadan and at collaborating institutions, with Epidemiological Units and Learning Center in Ghana, Liberia and Sierra Leone. In this way, the West African sub-region will be able to increase rapidly in quality manpower for zoonoses containment.
Other specific objectives are as follows:
- Develop and conduct postgraduate career development courses (PCDC’s);
- Develop and conduct international training couses and conferences (ITCC’s);
- Develop and conduct national training courses and workshops (NTCW’s)
- Develop and supervize research programmes on endemic, emerging and neglected zoonoses surveillance;
- Set-up zoonoses epi-informatics laboratory;
- Set-up molecular biology research laboratory for zoonoses surveillance;
- Setp-up an audio-visual resource laboratory;
- Set-up learning centre in Njala University, Sierra Leone;
- Foster interdisciplinary approach to curriculum development, research, and service delivery in control and prevention of zoonoses in West Africa;
- Identify and integrate indigenous knowledge and practices into the curriculum;
- Build and network regional capacity for higher education in zoonoses investigation, addressing the obvious gender gap in the available manpower;
- Train teachers of teachers and policy makers on strategic approaches to zoonoses control;
- Foster best practice approaches to community service delivery in the prevention and control of zoonoses in selected hotspots of West Africa;
- Provide decision support systems for sub-regional control and prevention of zoonoses.in West Africa.